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Primary School

Autumn 1

Animals including humans - survival and growth 


Children will be taught to:

  • Notice that humans have offspring which grow into adults.
  • Find out about and describe the basic needs of humans, for survival (water, food and air).
  • Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene.
  • Medicines can be useful when we are ill.
  • Medicines can be harmful if not used properly.


Children will work scientifically by: 


  • Observing, through video or first-hand observation and measurement, how humans grow.
  • Recording their findings using charts.
  • Asking questions about what things animals [humans].  need for survival and what humans need to stay healthy and
  • Suggesting ways to find answers to their questions.
  • Describing the main changes as young animal offspring grow into adults (at least: between egg and adult bird; between egg and adult insect; between baby and adult mammal)


Notes and Guidance (non-statutory):

Pupils should be introduced to the basic needs of animals for survival, as well as the importance of exercise and nutrition for humans.

They should also be introduced to the process of reproduction and growth in animals [humans]. The focus at this stage should be on questions that help pupils to recognise growth; they should not be expected to understand how reproduction occurs. Growing into adults can include reference to baby, toddler, child, teenager, adult.

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